Surrounded with hills and lakes, the picturesque city of Pune is the pride of west India.

It is the cultural capital of the state of Maharashtra.

The cultural and intellectual capacity of Pune has earned it the title of being the ‘Oxford of the East.’ Pune is 192 km from Mumbai & situated on Mumbai Banglore National Highway (NH-4).


Geographical Location

Pune district is located between 17 degrees 54' and 10degrees24' north latitude and 73 degrees19' and 75 degrees 10' east longitude.,

The district has geographical area of 15,642 sq.km.

Pune district is surrounded by Ahmednagar district on north-east, Solapur district on the south-east, Satara district on south, Raigad district on the west and Thane district on the north-west.

It is the second largest district in the state and covers 5.10 % of the total geographical area of the state.

The landscape of Pune district is distributed triangularly in western Maharashtra at the foothills of the Sahyadri Mountains and is divided into three parts: "Ghatmatha", "Maval" and "Desh". Pune district forms a part of the tropical monsoon land and therefore shows a significant seasonal variation in temperature as well as rainfall conditions.

Climate of the western region of Pune is cool whereas the eastern part is hot and dry.

Rainfall Distribution

Due to the geographical conditions of the district, the rainfall is unevenly distributed.

The Western part of the district adjacent to the West coast is hilly area having forest cover, due to which the rainfall intensity is more in this area as compared to the eastern parts.

Most of this rain is brought by the southwest monsoon winds during the summer and about 87% of rainfalls during the monsoon months.

The monsoon arrives in the month of June, with the maximum intensity of rainfall during the month of July and August.


Talukas falling in the highest rainfall intensity zone are Velha, Mulshi and Maval.

Talukas falling in the moderate rainfall intensity zone are Bhor, Ambegaon, Junnar, Khed, Haveli, Pune city and Purandar.

Talukas with lowest rainfall intensity, the dry and semi-arid zone are Shirur, Daund, Indapur and Baramati.

Temperature Conditions

April and May are the hottest months in the district.

Maximum temperature during these months often rises above 36 degrees C.

The western region of Pune district i.e. talukas Junnar, Ambegaon, Khed, Maval, Mulshi and Velha are cool whereas the eastern part i.e. talukas Shirur, Daund, Baramati and Indapur are hot and dry.

December and January are the coolest months, when average temperature falls as low as 11 degrees C.


Humidity Conditions

Humidity is low during the summer months due to increased evaporation losses from the atmosphere.

The diurnal variations in humidity during this period are high, water vapor gets condensed due to falling nighttime temperatures and the daytime temperatures are high.


Natural Hazards

Natural hazards threaten sustainable economic development worldwide.

Natural hazards like earthquakes, floods, tropical storms, droughts and other calamities may result in loss of life and property worth millions of rupees.

Disasters destroy decades of human efforts and investments, thereby placing new demands on society for reconstruction and rehabilitation.Earthquakes and floods have affected Pune district in the past.

The details of the areas which are susceptible to natural hazards have to be avoided for siting of industries.

Earthquake Prone Areas

Due to the presence of many structured hills within Pune district, occurrences of earthquakes take place.

Fault lines are scattered throughout the district and these areas are minor earthquake prone areas.

Small south-west side portion of taluka Bhor and Velha fall under risk zone-IV, which is high damage risk zone.

The remaining part of the district falls under the zone III, which is moderate damage risk zone.


Flood Prone Areas

Most of the talukas in Pune district are flood prone.

The rivers likely to cause flooding are river Bhima (Tal. Shirur, Daund, Indapur and Haveli), River Mula (Punecity), river Mutha(Tal.Punecity and Mulshi), River Indrayani (Tal. Khed, Haveli and Maval), River Ghod (Tal. Ambegaon), River Mina and Pushpavati (tal Junnar), River Nira (Tal. Indapur and Purandar), River Pavana(Tal. Haveli).


Landslide Prone Areas

Due to heavy rainfall in the rainy season, landslide occurs in taluka Ambegaon, Junnar and Mulshi.

Sr.No. Particulars Total Number
1 Blocks 14
2 Block Committees (Panchayat Sammittes) 13
3 Urban areas – out of
Municipal Corporation
Census Towns
4 Number of villages 1866
5 Number of Grampanchayat 1401
6 Population (Census 2001)- Out of
Female per 1000 male
 Rural area
 Urban area
72.33 lacs
37.69 lacs
34.64 lacs
7 Literacy percentage 80
8 No.of Agriculture producing Marketing Committee 11
9 Irrigation facility available to Total land under cultivation 23%
10 Veterinary hospitals 68
11 Veterinary aid centers 210
12 Rural Households 920536
13 BPL Households 122000

Distributions of Land holding

Classification of holding Holding Area
  Nos. % to total Ha. % to total
Upto 1 hector 193970 39 722321 9
Between 1 to 2 hector 124316 25 1364383 17
Above 2 hector 180536 36 5939080 74
Total 498822 100 8025784 100

Banking & Society Net work

S.No Agency No.of Banks/Soc. No.of Branches
      Total Rural Urban
1 Commercial Bks 62 638 219 419
2 Regional Rural Banks 2 2 2 -
3 District Central Cooperative bank 1 283 243 40
4 Coop. Agril. & Rural Dev.Bank 1 24 23 1
5 Primary Agril. Coop.Soc. - 1248 1248 -
6 Other - 90 - 90
    66 2248 1699 549

Pune is also a prime tourist destination of the state.

The city has historical monuments, museums and more famous are its hill stations.

Tourists from all over the world visit the city to share rare moments filled with anxiety and curiosity.


So instead of keeping that gold jewellery, coins, bars or biscuits lying ideal in your locker, you sure could use them to meet those cash contingencies.

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